34. Lifting the Iron Curtain














34. Lifting the Iron Curtain | -





Oliver's Site 
 

Table of Contents | 1. Earth | 2. The Origin of Life and Evolution of Man | 3. Civilisation | 4. Fertile Crescent | 5. Egypt | 6. Indus Valley | 7. Yellow River (Haung He/Huang Ho) | 8. Hittites, Canaanites, Phoenicians, Assyrians | 9. New World | 10. Persia and Greece | 11. Rome ( - B. C. - A. D. 96) | 12. Saul of Tarsus | 13. Rome ( - A. D. 275) | 14. Byzantium (Nova Roma) | 15. Islam | 16. Charlemagne | 17. Vikings | 18. Turks, Crusaders, Mongols, Moors, Explorers and Conquistadors | 19. Renaissance, Reformation, Enlightenment (-1700s) | 20. Mid-1700s - early 1900s | 21. The Great War | 22. Inter-War Years | 23. The War in Europe and Africa | 24. Second World War | 25. War in the Pacific | 26. Defeating the Axis in Europe and Africa | 27. End of Japanese Imperialism | 28. Ending the War | 29. Conquest of Space | 30. Averting Nuclear War | 31. End of Empire | 32. Man on the Moon | 33. Arms Race and Limitation | 34. Lifting the Iron Curtain | 35. Outer Space | 37. | 42.

Continued from previous page, 33. Arms Race and Limitations































 
 
1989 - 1991
 
- Disintegration of the East Bloc and the Soviet Union
 
- Fall of the Communist monolith
 
- End of the Cold War
 
 

 
 
 
 
 

History of Russia

 

 

 

 

 

A History of Russia

 

Part 1 of the documentary series in Epic History TV

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TU1N8KTxIJU

 

 

 

The Slavs

 

Documentary

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sTmeyOxBjfU&feature=related

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3_ATfyUB4xo

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dd9x70pu9FI&feature=relmfu

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Graphic: Ukraine Map (Rich Clabaugh/Staff)

 

 

 

 

Varangian Rus

 

Documentary

 

The Rus, Vikings from Sweden, settle in Kiev, marry Slavs, trade with Constantinople and adopt the Orthodox Christian Church of Byzantium 

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X4_r-IySNKM

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E6T9zVFhxkE&feature=relmfu

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C06pP0rCvMs&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

 

Volga Vikings

 

Discussion on the weekly BBC radio program In Our Time with Melvyn Bragg Nov. 11, 2010

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00vrx8g

 

 

 

Viking exploration and settlement

 

 

 

 History of the Russian Empire - Land Of The Tsars

 

4-part 2003 documentary series in 20 clips

 

Rurik (statue in Novgorod)

 

 

The Third Rome

 

Ivan III (Ivan the Great), defeated

the Mongols 

 

Ivan III rejects the Mongol Khan

 

Zoe Palaiologina (niece of Constantine

XI, last Byzantine emperor), married

Ivan III 

 

Byzantine imperial double-headed 

eagle (adopted by Ivan III)

 

 

Vikings, Rus of Kiev, Mongol Conquest (1240 - 1480), Moscow  -  the Third Rome, Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible) (  -1584), Mongols pushed out of Kazan (1552) and Astrakhan (1556), Peter the Great, Catherine the Great . . . .  (3 1/3 hrs.)

 

Part 1 (from the Vikings to Ivan the Terrible)

  

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9r_WXKto268&feature=related

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=haXaD6kuPSU&feature=relmfu

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R_MLYEQEkFI&feature=relmfu

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LuyHoh2XSrs&feature=relmfu

 

5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LuyHoh2XSrs&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

 

 
 

Russians led by Ivan the Terrible expel the Mongols from Kazan (1552) and Astrakan (1556)

 

 

 

Part 2 (Romanovs to Peter the Great)   

 

6. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ggZzZWVXzw&feature=relmfu

 

7. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zfhe4BTp2-g&feature=relmfu

 

8. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0k0O-zsJgrc&feature=relmfu

 

9. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nD_I2nBB5RE&feature=relmfu

 

10. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LL3B9NCD_vk&feature=relmfu

 

Part 3 - Descendants of Peter the Great

 

11. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y7l08ARss4s&feature=relmfu

 

12. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MSycdFcog5s&feature=relmfu

 

13. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8KVnYjamJmY&feature=relmfu

 

14. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zJhxJPeJZe0&feature=relmfu

 

15. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Izw29EJvv-g&feature=relmfu

 

Part 4 -

 

16. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rXPP1j1yahg&feature=relmfu

 

17. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8PFQ7Th_rAs&feature=relmfu

 

18. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P-x4VcmHfxU&feature=relmfu

 

19. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1W1b6j8U46k&feature=relmfu

 

20. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B-qxWWRcN-4&feature=relmfu

 

 

  

------------------------------

 

 

Engineering an Empire – Russia

 

Documentary with Peter Weller

 

The Viking Rurik; the Rus of Kiev, Moscow, Ivan III (Ivan the Great), Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible) . . . .  

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ze6skMQ2-Vk

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ihNS7ZpC7lg&feature=relmfu

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uy9HodMC048&feature=relmfu

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bPj1tAKmPzc&feature=relmfu

 

5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NycFWl0bDbw&feature=relmfu

 

 

---------------

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 

 

 

Ivan the Terrible (1530 – 1584)

 

Ivan the Terrible

 

 

Most Evil Man in History

 

Documentary

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DvI5hzDAU_0&feature=related

 

 

Ivan the Terrible (Ivan Grozny)

 

1944 movie by Sergei Eisenstein

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VQVPNlyJqOU

 

 

 

 

-----------------------------

 

 

 

A History of Russia

 

Part 2 of the documentary series on Epic History TV

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HNfSBCygXTg

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
------------------------
 
 
 

Peter the Great

 

(1672 – 1725)

 

 Peter the Great

 

 

Peter the Great

 

 

Lecture by John Merriman, Yale U., course on European Civilization, 1648-1945 [HIST 202], recorded in Fall 2008

 

Lecture # 4.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FlKcX3OeJhw

 

 

 

 

Peter the Great

 

Episode 3 of the documentary series Conquerors 

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eNfKBY1MazE

 

 

 

St Petersburg, Russia

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ItZFNegL80&feature=related

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UC3PWSLs7qs&list=LPJ29obYQl6Ao&index=9&feature=plcp

 

 

 

Peterhof

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x8Jgq6q5Vow&feature=fvwrel

 

 

History of Russia

 

From Peter the Great to Gorbachev

36 Lectures by Mark Steinberg from The Great Courses

 

Start here:

 

1. Understanding the Russian Past

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CV0YP1cltHM

 

2. The Russia of Peter the Great's Childhood

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=591_xvp5Jk8

 

3. Peter the Great's Revolution

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vhP91o-45gE

 

 

 

 

-------------------------

 

 

 

 
 
 
 

 

Catherine the Great (1729 – 1796)

 

Catherine the Great 

 

 

Icons of Power - Catherine the Great

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hDWN3Ewy2tg

 

 

Catherine the Great

 

Documentary (5 clips)

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k3Mo1qRk3e8

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CohJwNuMaP4&feature=relmfu

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hk3SX3SIL2E&feature=relmfu

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3duQFzJ2HTI&feature=fvwrel

 

5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9M0cLHiiTfc&feature=fvwrel

 

 

 

A History of Russia

 

Part 3 of the documentary series on Epic History TV

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2QH9WWxLPNQ

 

---------

 

 

 

 

 
 
 

 

Paul I

 

Czar Paul

 

 

 

------------------

 

 

 

 
 
 
 

Alexander I

 

Czar Alexander I

 

 

 

Czar Alexander I of Russia

 

 

 

Russian Alaska

 

 

Documentary on Russia Today

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F6sZordxWBc

 

 

Battle of Sitka, Alaska (1804) - Russians and native Tlingits

 

Blogger's video

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gI-0OENqAeE

 

Russian settlements in Alaska, California and the Hawaiian Islands

 

Fort Ross (1812 - 1841)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lt-zg5lfZbU

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jdsRpHac1Fo&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

                       -------

 

 

 

Napoleon Bonaparte in Russia

 

 

1812

 

Napoleon's March to Moscow

 

Documentary

 

(7 clips)

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jS7QugyKYe0&feature=relmfu 

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e8Z3Al6RCKE&feature=relmfu 

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UJbr4YFtTWA&feature=relmfu

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hYjRPR_uyHU&feature=relmfu

 

5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cLmHh-JZ5IE&feature=relmfu

 

6. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7oS0gJGu2Ek&feature=relmfu

 

7. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h4N8xaYQ0b8&feature=relmfu

 

 

Battle of Borodino

 

September 1812

 

About the battle

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dvP9Xbr2ZhE

 

 

Borodino

 

1812

 

Documentary dubbed in Italian

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eZtnB7kcxbI&feature=related

 

 

Кутузов/Kutuzov

 

1943 Soviet film about Napoleon's campaign in Russia 1812 (1:42:40)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gjrpi2KeZcU

 

With English sub-titles (1:43:35):

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nRQzmo0w2WY

 

 

1812 Overture

 

With cannons

 

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1880) 

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&v=VbxgYlcNxE8&NR=1

 

 

Battle of Borodino

 

26 August 1812

 

Бородино и его герои

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v9HbbqRd5KE&feature=related

 

 

Long march back to Paris

 

Mass Grave of soldiers of the Grande Armée in 1812 found in Vilnius, Lithuania (documentary)

 

 

Napoleon's Lost Army

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=46MX4BohOzw

 

 

Napoleon's Mass Grave 

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2hQl-gTQZsM&feature=related

 

 

War and Peace

 

Novel by Leo Tolstoy

 

 

War and Peace

 

TED

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4dn7TEjnbPY

 

 

War and Peace

 

1968 Soviet film

 

Part 1.

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W4EcRSoOG_w

 

Part 2.

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D30HmBRQH1s

 

Part 3.

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vo7ORTwjqaU

 

Part 4.

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zXpkeV32LAQ

 

Or all four clips one after the other

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W4EcRSoOG_w&list=PLAC766DFF7B41C2F3

 

 

Borodino

 

Part 13 of the 1972 BBC-TV presentation of Tolstoy's War & Peace

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7xL_6zTBtYg

 

 

Moscow!

 

Part 15 of the 1972 BBC-TV presentation of

Tolstoy's War & Peace

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vpxj58qWmUM

 

 

 

Napoleon's Empire in 1812

 

 

Battle of Leipzig (Battle of the Nations), 1813

 

1813 - La Bataille des Nations

 

Documentary film

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dp6Yhk7W8G4&feature=relmfu

 

 

Czar Alexander I of Russia leads Allied march into

Paris in 1814. Napoleon abdicated and 

accepted exile to the island of Elba.

 

 

 

------------

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 

 

Nicholas I

 

Czar Nicholas I

 

 

 

Russia

 

Part 2 of the documentary series Russia on Epic History TV

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y-pqgjsJ-g8

 

 

 

 

-------------

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
------------
 
 
 

Karl Marx

 

 

 

 

Foundations of Modern Social Theory

 

Lectures by Iván Szelény from the course Sociology 151 at Yale U., Fall 2009

 

 

Lecture 9. Marx's Theory of Alienation

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kIlEkbU4rx0

 

10. Marx's Theory of Historical Materialism (1)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yu8Os4EWBI8&feature=relmfu

 

11. Marx's Theory of Historical Materialism (cont.)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mt2-dX_FlNM&feature=relmfu

 

12. Marx's Theory of History

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mmeUYLntZx4&feature=relmfu

 

 

13. Marx's Theory of Class and Exploitation

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QiPxPHNrIek&feature=relmfu

 

 

Marx

 

Discussion on the BBC weekly radio program In Our Time with Melvyn Bragg and his guests 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/podcasts/series/iotp/all#playepisode35

 

or

 

http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/podcasts/radio4/iotp/iotp_20050714-0900a.mp3

 

 

 

 

Karl Marx (1818-1883)

 

A class lecture by Alan Macfarlan from a second-year course in philosophy at Cambridge University in 2001

 

Lecture # 5.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xoZp177HDJ8

 

 

Karl Marx

 

Lecture (90 minutes)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9vp9Lu-VK8E 

 

 

Karl Marx - The Massive Dissent

 

Episode 3 of the 1977 documentary series The Age of Uncertainty with the economist John Kenneth Gallbraith

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kFdK8zqZMEo

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
---------------
 
 
 
 

Expansion of Muscovy and Russia

 

A blogger's video: The expansion of Muscovy/Russia from 1300 - 1867

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iepo9IwqFtY&feature=related

 

 

 

Alexander II

 

Czar Alexander II (1818 - 1881)

Czar (1855 - 1881)

 

US buys Alaska from the Russians, 1867

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qUTDYFNjNkI&feature=related

 

Assassination of Tsar Alexander II (1881)

Discussion on the weekly Thursday BBC radio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg, 6 January 2005

http://www.bbc.co.uk/podcasts/series/ioth/all#playepisode76

 

Russia

 

Part 5 of the documentary series Russia on Epic History TV

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JQVjH4xFrdI

 

 

 

 

---------------

 

 

 

 
 
 
 

 

Alexander III

 

Czar Alexander III

 

 

 

-----------------

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 

 

Nicholas II

 

 

Czar Nicholas II

 

 

 

Russian Imperial Anthem

 

1833 - 1917

 

Instrumental

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LBWbLs5wuuc&feature=related

 

Choral

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XEATiGKOTEs&feature=related

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WxxGJ-Y2530

 

1915 recording

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mQMM5Xnnw74&feature=related

 

 

 

                              ---------

 

 

 

Manchuria, homeland of the Manchus, the ruling Ching Dynasty of China since 1644, fell under increasing influence and domination of the Russians in the 1800s.

 

By 1860 the Russians had taken northern Manchuria (called Outer Manchuria) and the northern half of southern Manchuria (called Inner Manchuria) from China.

 

Japan was also interested in Machuria and Korea. In 1875, Japan forced Korea to open to foreign trade and declare independence from China. In 1884, pro-Japanese Koreans tried to take over Korea. Chinese troops intervened. China and Japan agreed to withdraw their troops.

 

In response to a revolt in Korea in 1894, both China and Japan sent troops to help the Korean rulers crush it. Afterward, Japan refused to leave and persuaded the Koreans to break further with China.

 

War between Japan and China followed. China was defeated and forced to give up Formosa (Taiwan), the Liaotung Peninsula and the Pescadores to the Japanese. Korea was to remain independent. China was forced also to open its ports.  

 

The Russians, French and Germans forced Japan to return the Liaotung Peninsula to China.

 

In 1896, China agreed to let Russia extend the Trans-Siberian Railroad (1891–1904) across Manchuria to the Russian seaport of Vladivostok.

In 1898, Russia pressed China to lease a natural ice-free deep-water port at the tip of the Liaotung Peninsula, Port Arthur. The Russians garrisoned the port.

 

Russo-Japanese War 1904 - 1905

 

Russia and Japan fight over Korea and Muanchuria

 

Battle of Tsushima Straight 

 

May 27 and 28, 1905

 

The only naval battle in history fought by modern steel battleships. Japan sinks most of Russian fleet.  

 

Map of Japanese attacks in Russo-Japanese War (1904 - 1905) (Source: SAC website)

Map of the theatre of war

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Map of Russo-Japanese War 1904-1905

 

The Russo-Japanese War:

Conflict in the Far East

Video by a blogger

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6l8--S_cCWo&feature=related

 

The Siege of Port Arthur and the Battle of Tsushima (1904 - 1905)

The Russian Pacific naval fleet was based in two ports   -   Vladivostok and Port Arthur.

The Japanese attacked the Russians on the Laiotung Peninsula in 1904. They blockaded Port Arthur and eventually destroyed much of the Russian fleet.   

 

203 Kochi (203-meter Hill) (Port Arthur)

Japanese movie (1980)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9n5kv8GLHKA

 

In October 1904, the Russians dispatched their Baltic Fleet to the Pacific. It sailed for Vladivostok, a voyage of more than six months.

Port Arthur surrendered to the Japanese in January 1905.

In May 1905, the Japanese navy encountered and sank almost the entire Russian Baltic fleet on its way through the Straight of Tsushima.

 

The Battle of Tsushima

Episode from the documentary series History's Turning Points

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zk7elGUztXg

 

1905 Tsushima

La serie Les Grandes Batailles du passé (1974)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nf-2Wd6yQmY

 

The Mikasa and the Russo-Japanese War

Japanese flagship

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R6_ejK7Nc5o

 

Tsushima

Lecture # 10 of the audiobook series Naval Battles that Changed History

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1rgPCQmPrUk

 

Battle of the Japan Sea

Music score for the 1970 Japanese movie

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MnLJdt7TEXY

 

How Teddy Roosevelt Prevented World War

Talk
 
 
 

President Theodore Roosevelt & the Portsmouth Peace Conference of 1905

Film footage

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JKaP7sFGNXM

 

Russo-Japanese Peace Conference in Portsmouth New Hampshire

Film Footage

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lBmi11L1KJw

 

After defeating the Russians in the 1904 - 1905 Russo-Japanese War, Japan took the southern half of southern Manchuria from the Russians.

The Japanese occupied Korea in 1905 and annexed it in 1910.

 


 

1905 Revolution


The Czar's October Manifesto - 1905


Freedom of speech, right to assembly, a half-elected Lower House, popular elections


1906 Constitution 

 

"End of absolute monarchy"


 

The 9th of January


The 1905 Russian Revolution

 

1971 British film Nicholas and Alexandra with 1957 Symphony No. 11 by Dmitri Shostakovich

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PGM8n2Iq6Wc&feature=related 

 

 

 

 

 

------------------

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 

 

 

European Civilization, 1648-1945 (HIST 202)

 

Lectures by John Merriman, Yale U.

 

Fall 2008

 

13. Nationalism

 

- The "Imagined Communities" of Nationalism: The 

  Macedonian Example
- The Construction of National Identities in the Nineteenth Century:

- Language and Consciousness

- The Development of Nationalism in Eastern Europe: Lithuania and Belarus
- Complex Identities: Multiple Languages in Belgium

  and Switzerland

- The Balancing Act of the Austria-Hungarian Empire: Factors of Stability

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7a6j17VWhBc&feature=relmfu

 

 

14. Radicals

 

- Revolutionary and Reform Socialism
- Syndicalism
- Anarchism: Roots and Reasons
- Propaganda by the Deed

- The Life and Crimes of Émile Henry

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hL0L79OaZy8&feature=relmfu

 

15. Imperialists and Boy Scouts

 

- The Age of New Imperialism: God, Gold and Glory
- The Domestic Influence of Social Imperialism
- The Great Game: Colonial Rivalries Leading Up to

  the First World War

- Violence and Atrocities in the Colonial System
- The Culture of Imperialism: The Origins of the Boy

  Scouts and the Frontier Ideology

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sUo3ffE1imo&feature=relmfu

 

 

 


----------------


 
 
 

WW1 in Europe


Every Day


Animated map

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TVJqRVKmivg

 

 

 



 
 
 
------------------
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Lenin

 

Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (non de guerre:

Lenin) (1870 - 1924), Russian politician

and revolutionary. Head of the Russian

Marxist Socialist Democrat Party and

later its majority (Bolshevik) faction; led

the revolution in October 1917 that toppled

the provisional government and installed

the Bolshevik government. Head of the

Russian Soviet Federative Socialist

Republic (Russian Fedreation) from 1917

to 1922. Founder and head of the Soviet

Union (USSR) from 1922 to 1924. His

political theories are called Marxist-

Leninism.

 

 

        Lenin in Petrograd (1917 or 1920)

 

 

 

Vladimir Ilyich Lenin

 

Voice of the Revolution

 

Episode from the documentary series Biography

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jkXhdolyRWs

 

or

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aaK-l0bPyY0

 

 

 

Lenin: Revolutionary

 

Documentary

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0LE6BmWXJaY

 

(or in 4 clips)

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iGE6T3SRNAs

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xTrmUC3E5FE

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YCpNlaYEvik&feature=relmfu

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rUKUX5O04Xc&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

In March 1917, the Germans and the French faced each other on the Western front with neither side gaining ground against the other.

 

The Germans feared the American entry in the war would tip the balance in favor of the French.

 

To defeat the French the Germans needed more manpower. The Germans were fighting a two-front war. Thus, the Germans could defeat neither the Russians in the east nor the French in the west.

 

If the Germans could end the war with the Russians in the east they could move their army from the eastern front to the western front and mount a successful offensive against the French before the Americans would be ready to fight.

 

Unable to push the German armies out of Russia and control a revolution at home, the Czar of Russia abdicated in February/March 1917.

 

In the new government in Russia, Kerensky was intent on pursuing the war against the Germans.

 

So the Germans decided to send the Bolshevik revolutionary Lenin, who wanted an end to the war in order to pursue revolution in Russia, back to Russia from his exile in Switzerland in the hope that he would topple the Russian government and agree to an armistice with Germany.

 

Fall of Eagles

 

Excerpt from 1974 TV series

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=frjt452YzkM

 

 

The Sealed Train

 

Lenin   -   The Train

 

1988 TV-movie about the return of Lenin from exile in Switzerland to Petrograd in 1917 with Ben Kingsley portraying Lenin.

Part 1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jOrB-SKDJlY (1:42:58)

or

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qBndgWOdYqQ (1:42:54)

Part 2.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PFePCIICbTU (1:43:12)

or

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BJYOHGEQLfc (1:43:11)

 

 

 

Vladimir Lenin

 

Discussion on the weekly BBC radio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg, 16 March 2000

 

BBC: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00546pv

 

You Tube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h-TI2XwMU0M

 

 

 

Secret Life of Vladimir Lenin

 

Episode from the documentary series Searching for the Truth

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5LzfyEQzysE

 

 

 

Vladimir Ilyich Lenin

 

Voice of the Revolution

 

Episode from the documentary series Biography (44:06)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1xlIo-M6XfA

 

or

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YYsCZ5jiTnI

 

 

 

Vladimir Lenin

 

Episode from the documentary series Russian Revolutionaries

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xwkqUZ1nHbw

 

 

 

Vladimir Lenin

 

Leader of the Bolshevik Revolution

 

Documentary

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qds84vR3-SU

 

 

 

Lénine (1870-1924) par Henri Guillemin

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mzmr_fuxVPY

 

ou

 

1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MeYNDxFfUW8

 

2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UpeqATLh7tA

 

 

 

 
 
-------------------
 
 
 
 
 

Trotsky

 

Lev Davidovich Bronstein (Leon Trotsky)

(1879 - 1940), Marxist revolutionary and

Soviet leader; founder of the Red Army

 

Leon Trotsky with Red Army troops

 

Leon Trotsky ca. 1940

 

 

 

Trotsky

 

Documentary

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bmDPETlbsaI

 

 

 

Trotsky:

 

Rise & Fall of a Revolutionary

 

Documentary

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bLC5KD4PwBw

 

or in 6 clips:

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6galA27h-TQ&feature=related

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x7C0sV0g_gI&feature=relmfu

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P6GBFbkMS78&feature=relmfu

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EKsFz9JhDJg&feature=relmfu

 

5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ni5eruxwuBI&feature=relmfu

 

6. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OCAVrCzMKdQ&feature=relmfu

 

or click here and all clips follow automatically

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6galA27h-TQ&list=PL7E3F5229FFC111EB

 

In French:

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dkPChl-vJj8

 

 

 

Leon Trotsky

 

The Mystery of the World Revolution

 

Episode from the documentary series Russian Revolutionaries

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t2NQ2yPzJAo

 

 

 

 

The Assassination of Trotsky

 

1972 movie with Richard Burton as Trotsky

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AeKHthb-YMM

 

 

 

 

La mort de Trotsky

 

Alain Decaux Raconte

 

03 déc. 1973 

 

(46:49)

 

http://www.ina.fr/video/CPF86600858

 

 

 

Léon Trotski (1879-1940)

 

par Henri Guillemin

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yDis6_JuI0M

 

or

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b0qCZeDLhjo

 

 

 

 

 

----------------------

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 

 

Stalin

 

Josef Stalin

 

 

Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili

(1878 - 1953), dictator of the Soviet

Union from 1924 to 1953

 

 

Joseph Stalin in Private/The Private Life of Joseph Stalin

 

One of four parts from a 6-part 1992 documentary series, A Portrait of Stalin

 

3 more parts mentioned below

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RDEfrwYaMIA

 

 

 

Stalin

 

Biographical documentary (03:22:00)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JlHL5zEP3rM

 

 

 

 

--------------

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 

WW1

 

 

 

Allies in Russia

 

Episode from WW1 documentary series narrated by Robert Ryan (1963)

 

(3 clips)

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fztoanCNsr0&playnext=1&list=PLC8775892DC1E34D8&feature=results_video

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KMZHApsHd8A&playnext=1&list=PLBF02C8EA237CF8CA&feature=results_video

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MZ7WS0snLUw&playnext=1&list=PLBF02C8EA237CF8CA&feature=results_video

 

 

 

World War I: Russian Revolution

 

Episode from a  documentary series on WW1 narrated by Michael Redgrave

 

(4 clips)

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GQUAW_CdBds

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g_eHNrLKUe8

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hd51pue58U0

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2isRAUsTJ1Q&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

 

Lenin and The Great Ungluing

 

Episode 5 of the 1977 documentary series The Age of Uncertainty with John Kenneth Galbraith

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sxAoymq_SEA&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

The Russian Revolution

 

Documentary

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2WxNQLr2dKA&feature=related

 

 

 

Russian Revolution (in Colour)

 

Part 1. Freedom and Hope

 

2007 documentary about the Kronstadt sailors and the Communist revolution in Russia (1:33:45)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Me7vZ1qes8k

 

 

  

The Russian Revolution

 

Episode from the documentary series Epic History

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cV9G1QUIm7w

 

 

Russia

 

All five parts   -   From Rurik to the Revolution

 

Episode from the documentary series Epic History (46:59)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w0Wmc8C0Eq0

 

 

 

October: Ten Days that shook the World

 

1928 movie by Sergei Eisenstein

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KeIn8AduwTg&feature=watch-now-button&wide=1

 

Anthem of the Russian Provisional Government

 

"The Worker's Marseillaise", almost the same as La Marseillaise

 

(from March to October 1917)

 

Instrumental:

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yBKhN8Cu9mw

 

With Russian lyrics:

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rqGJYIsELLU

 

 

 

The International

 

National Anthem of Russia in October 1917 and of the Soviet Union from 1918 to 1944

 

Instrumental

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ko372vrAsfM&feature=related

 

Sung at the Soviet Union National Congress, 1978

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wEI_Cd8azBY&feature=related

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
-------------------------------
 
 
 
 
 
The Romanovs and the Russian Revolution
 
Lecture # 19 by John Merriman of the course European Civilization, 1648-1945 (HIST 202) at Yale U.
 
Recorded in Fall 2008

 

1. The process of revolution: political competition after the February Revolution
2. Czar Nicholas II, a family man
3. The Father of his People: Narod and the national family
4. The Fall of the Romanovs

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eGFilsLo6OI&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

Last of the Czars

 

Three-part 1996 documentary   

 

Part 1. Nicky and Alix

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mYo8SEvnsrM

 

Part 2. The Shadow of Rasputin

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hx2zMUCsdM0


Part 3. Death of a Dynasty

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f1em_lDQzmA

 

 

 

 

Secrets of the Romanovs

 

Documentary narrated by Leonard Nimoy

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2cjcD8KvXFE&feature=relmfu

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MZ4bQUUtt8Y&feature=relmfu

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YCxw5NHlOPs&feature=fvwrel

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rsT9J4hg78g&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

Vanishing of the Romanovs

 

Documentary

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KcnnhsNOe7k

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eTzTkhopL_s&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

Mystery of the Romanovs

 

Documentary

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3eAdBHwUr5w&feature=related

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HonT60qAB0g&feature=relmfu

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5tBzJyOkUIw&feature=relmfu

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KPkcdom6OMs&feature=relmfu

 

5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nXBdojpcGkc&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

Nicholas & Alexandra

 

Biography narrated by Jack Perkins (1994)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9m5dInLxodw&feature=related

 

 

 

The Romanovs: An Imperial Family

 

Russian reenactment of the last days of Czar Nicholas II and his family (2000) (2 hrs., 15 min., 17 sec.)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E7YdsKZPc3Y

 

 

or in 13 clips (with captions)

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fKd-Di88Uxk

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=saGnOj3cZ_c&feature=relmfu

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SZ8Sz-Am6g4&feature=relmfu

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PMBsJfkD4J8&feature=relmfu

 

5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3K-Fkb4xFBA&feature=relmfu

 

6. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-O0HqNFfEgc

 

7. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5GN4f5jfPgk&feature=relmfu

 

8. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C1OzyYwj_yk&feature=relmfu

 

9. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0uFXdkjQnLU&feature=relmfu

 

10. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uJocpQiGaSY

 

11. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pZGgP4wyrqE&feature=relmfu

 

12. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=znD2eouGUsE&feature=relmfu

 

13. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lCmjEyZsi7Y&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

Execution of the Imperial Family

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1t_6uJioBrs

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RsS2MalyoeE&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

The Murder of the Romanovs

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=as917Ce_d_Q&feature=related

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fGpfE8ppX38&feature=relmfu 

 

 

 

Burial of Nicholas II and family (1998)  

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8oYHKLHGwvA

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rXNt_VwGaGM&feature=relmfu 

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NIuXXR8n9Sc&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

The Romanovs

 

2005 documentary

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IiWnSANCp-o 

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gz2P57jLGKU

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J1aBl2bUJh0&feature=relmfu

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zxcQj0yfsUA&feature=relmfu

 

5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KOTtLhxccP8&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

 

--------

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
The Communist Revolution in Russia in October 1917 ended the Romanov dynasty and the Russian monarchy.
 
In March 1918, Lenin, head of the government, made peace with the Germans and ended the war on Germany's eastern front.
 
In a long civil war that followed the revolution in Russia, Russian Czarist/Imperial troops ("White Russians") fought 
the Soviet/Red Army in an attempt to retake Russia.
 
The defeat of Germany and the Armistice of November 1918 ended the Great War in western Europe.
 
Soviet leaders in Moscow   -    Lenin, Trotsky and Stalin   -   ordered the Red Army to retake lands conquered by the Germans and to push east through the three Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania), Poland, Hungary, Austria and Germany, and south through the Ukraine; and to support local communist revolutions and establish local communist governments. 
 
The western allies sent forces to Russia to back Imperial forces against the Red Army.
 
The Poles stopped the Red Army in Warsaw in 1920, ending Russian Soviet plans to take over eastern and central Europe by force.
 
The Poles and the Soviets took large slices from the Ukraine before the Soviets incorporated it into the USSR in 1922.
 
By 1923, the Red Army had prevailed in Russia, the Imperial forces were defeated and the western powers withdrew their troops from Russia.


The Russian Civil War

1917 - 1925

Animated map



Inter-War

Eastern Front

1918 - 1939

Animated map



Polish-Soviet War

 
February 1919 – March 1921
 
Battle of Warsaw 1920
 
2011 Polish movie (in 3-D)
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
Successor States of Eastern Europe

 

Lecture # 20 by John Merriman from the course European Civilization, 1648-1945 (HIST 202), Yale U., Fall 2008

 

1. The Wilsonian Illusion and War Guilt: The Aftermath of the First World War

2. Revisionism in Italy and Germany

3. Revisionism in Eastern Europe: The Former Austro-Hungarian Empire 

4. Ethnic Tensions in Interwar States

5. The Peasant Majority: Agricultural Depression and the Rise of Fascism

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mLHme-oW-rA&feature=relmfu 

 

 

 

 


------------------

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 

 

Stalinism

 

Lecture # 21 by John Merriman from the course European Civilization, 1648-1945 (HIST 202), recorded at Yale U., Fall 2008

 

- The Formation of the Leninist State: Democratic Centralism and the New Economic Policy
- From Leninism to Stalinism
- Societies of Exclusion
- The Vision of the Radiant Future: High Hopes and Hard
Reality

 

You Tube:

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FuUZEO7nZnw&feature=relmfu

 

Yale:

 

http://oyc.yale.edu/history/hist-202/lecture-21

 

Transcript:

 

http://oyc.yale.edu/transcript/590/hist-202

 

 

 

World War II


Every Day


Animated map


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WOVEy1tC7nk




Stalin  -  Man of Steel

 

Biographical documentary (1:30:14)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3b_RhW9K4qc

 

or

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9p9ulegPu6w  (1:30:06)

 

 

 

Stalin   -   Man of Steel

 

Documentary (59:11)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qivyl_ComBs

 

 

 

Stalin

 

3-part 1990 documentary

 

1. Revolutionary (53:34)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LK8NhPPLmuA

 

2. Despot (56:54)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6pc_qWNsV9w

 

3. Generalissimo (53:36)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0HFSnmUUs7k

 

 

 

Comrades 1917 - 1945

 

Episode 1 of 24 of the documentary series Cold War narrated by Kenneth Branagh

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5aIRMcySCjU&feature=related

 

Great Patriotic War/Anti-Fascist War/WWII

Add docs here:

 

1941 and the Man of Steel

BBC documentary with David Reynolds (1 hr. 30 min.)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5_pQLI9Vo58

 

 

 

Joseph Stalin: Red Terror

 

Documentary (44:50)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KHlFCaZi9x4

 

 

Declassified: Joseph Stalin

 

Documentary (44:54)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uhaMNe6NxOo&feature=related

 

 

 

Stalin: Inside the Terror

 

2003 BBC documentary (1:28:37)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SIzApqzlP3Q

 

 

 

Joseph Stalin

 

Episode from the Most Evil Men in History documentary series

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N85bzwq5YWo  (23:18)

 

Or in 3 clips:

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C9t6QyEv_fU

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0A8_t7QC250&feature=relmfu

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nz-kr9S7IS8&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

A Portrait of Stalin

 

6-part 1992 documentary series

 

1. Mind Control (45:42)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ChNG3L5p3Vc&feature=related

 

2. Secret Police (43:40)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gtWkn5IhfqU&feature=relmfu

 

3. War (44:01)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HVWk5WH-Tl0

 

 

 

Joseph Stalin, the Real History

 

Documentary

 

(5 clips)

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gSW2sRKgLwo

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J0uuC1cs66I&feature=relmfu

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tM79_7XYbcA&feature=relmfu

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HahFJbp8U5I&feature=relmfu

 

5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S8z3hWd1wU4&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

 

Stalin in Colour
 
Documentary
 

 

 

 

 

Stalin and the Betrayal of Leningrad

Documentary

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NEIlXvlvXMA&feature=related

 

National Anthem of the Soviet Union

1944 - 1991

 

Vocal version to 1953

 

1944 recording

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8MS2vZLW9Xk

 

 

Sung in English by Paul Robeson with the Keynote Orchestra and Chorus conducted by Charles Lichter in 1944

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dbRaOp3TJjc

 

 

 

 

Post-war Eastern European states become satellites of the Soviet Union 

 

 

 

The Cold War

 

Lecture 49 of The Western Tradition by Eugen Weber at UCLA in 1989

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xG4zdFDvnls

 

 

Winston Churchill

 

Describes an iron curtain dividing the East and West 

 

Speech, Fulton, Missouri, March 5, 1946

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=crwCNUAzES8

 

 

Iron Curtain 1945-1947

 

Episode # 2 of 24 from the documentary series Cold War, narrated by Kenneth Branagh

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yzcZBFlmLoA

 

 

Harry Truman and the Truman Doctrine

 

Speech to a Joint Session of the Congress

 

March 12, 1947

 

Audio portion only

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=btCLnh5gCPU

 

or

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-LMXGFhfbCs

 

Excerpt - film footage

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DTTWXEUhINg

 

 

 

 

The Truman Doctrine

 

Description

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w42GCiwr7GI

 

 

 

The Cold War

 

Excerpt from documentary (in 2 clips)

 

Part 1. From World War to Cold War

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HpYCplyBknI

 

Part 2. Containment

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u9kX6ZkiGuE&feature=related

 

 

 

Soviets get the A-Bomb


August 29, 1949

 

 

Russia's War - Blood Upon the Snow

 

10-part 1997 documentary series about Russia during the Stalin era, from 1924 to 1953

 

Episode 1. The Darkness Descends

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G4hXhy8_hho&feature=relmfu

 

continued . . . . .

 

For all episodes:

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G4hXhy8_hho&list=PLC7E53DF417481425

 

 

 

Joseph Staline (1878-1953)


Henri Guillemin

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wrPOl6gJJPM

 

 


Stalin Dead

 
British Pathé newsreel
 
 
 
Stalin Dies
 
March 5, 1953
 
Greatest Headlines
 
 
 
Stalin's Funeral
 
Official documentary film in Russian (1:05:20)
 
 
 
The Mystery of Stalin's Death
 
Russia Today
 
 
 

Joseph Stalin   -   The Private Life

 

Episode 9 of Military Figures of WWII

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OGf8bN4OnuM

 

or

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=inRZJzWhvLs

 

 

Stalin

 

1992 Hollywood movie with Robert Duvall (2:52:33)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WTv9iZJvx1Q

 

 

 

 

 

---------------------------------
 
 
 
 
 
Zhukov
 
 
 
Marshal Georgy Zhukov (1896 - 1974)
 
 

Великий полководец Георгий Жуков

The Great Commander Georgy Zhukov

1995

(02:06:01)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4VXot9APZik

or

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=crctslrLDiE

 
 

Ист. Хроники: 1945 - Маршал Жуков

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lBqRR4b1UN0

 
 

Marshal Zhukov speech

Soviet Victory Parade

1945

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Blg2dp96hGw

or: 

Речь Жукова на параде Победы

1945 г. (оригинальный голос)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=epQBDkm-VCw

 

Marshal Zhukov and Victory

Red Army Choir

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PY0ZJZ2czmY

 

Маршал Жуков против одесских бандитов

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BstamHCYD-c

  

Маршал Жуков

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aG8a-6OMLBA

 

Запрещенное интервью Маршала Жукова

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TLl4ZVMutEo

and 

Георгий Жуков уникальное интервью 1966 года, которое никогда не показывали по ТВ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2FBf-SrUuY8

 

Георгий Константинович Жуков - каким он был на самом деле!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qy_socgCtGw

 

Маршал Жуков-солдат не желеть

Marshal Zhukov and soldiers

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xvr5qATL4OM

  

Территория заблуждений. Сталин. Жуков.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=44c1SeOcXCY

 

FUNERAL OF SOVIET HERO MARSHAL ZHUKOV IN MOSCOW

21 June 1974

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OOvCGkqtN_A&index=7&list=PLEGOq-CgiDrlIfOJd4cxYlgBdYGrh3856

 

 

 
 
 
 
---------------------
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Nikita Khrushchev

 

 

Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev 

(1894 - 1971)

 

 

 

 

After Stalin (1953-1956)

 

Episode 7 of the 1998 documentary series Cold War

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1OBrCuDUjis

 

or

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7K-hcgPom7Q

 

 

 

 

National Anthem of the Soviet Union

 

Played without lyrics 1953 - 1977

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k3IQC3HCg-w&feature=related

 

or

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k3IQC3HCg-w

 

 

 

 

Soviets explode H-Bomb

 

August 12, 1953

 

 

 

 

Khrushchev Denounces Stalin
 
Closed Session of the Twentieth Congress of the Communist Party
 
Great Hall of the Kremlin, Loscow
 
25 February 1956
 
British Pathé newsreel
 

 

 


Hungarian Tragedy

 

1956

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6BaV3W5zMuc

 

 

The Battle of Budapest

 

1956

 

British Pathé

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bE1FX0Uf01I 

 

 

 

The Flight from Hungary

 

1956

 

Newsreel

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WY7_vSDPr6M

 

 

 

Hungary 1956

 

BBC documentary (20:00)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ihS_D0Btaz8

 

 

 

 

 

Sputnik 1

 

October 6, 1957

 

 

 

CBS NEWS SPECIAL REPORT ON TV, October 6 1957

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KMFvr1VwSSo&feature=related

 

 

Sputnik 2

 

November 3, 1957

 

 

Sputnik 2

 

A satellite with a dog

 

3 November 1957

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lGG1ZYVrfEc

 

 

 

Sputnik Declassified

Documentary (2007)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6WMBPYWQ7EA

 


Sputnik 1949 - 1961 

 

Episode # 8 of the 1998 documentary series Cold War narrated by Kenneth Branagh

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XY-w9UDsu9I

 

 

 

Nixon - Khrushchev "Summit Meet"

 

Moscow 1959

 

British Pathé newsreel (1959)
 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ySanmeF3wjc

 

 

The Kitchen Debate

 

Richard Nixon and Nikita Khrushchev

 

U. S. S. R. (1959) 

 

 

 

 

Cold War Roadshow

 

Documentary (2014) (54:07)

 

American Experience

 

PBS-TV 

 

 

 

 

The U-2 and Gary Powers Incident


Yesterday's Air Force


Air Force TV


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ERPBA1AV4hk
 
 
The first U2 spy plane shot down half a century ago

 

Russia Today 


October 5, 2010   


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F8RmbTQGj-M

 

 

Soviets Orbit First Man in Space

April 12, 1961

 

 

First Man in Space

Yuri Gagarin

April 12, 1961

Newsreel film footage

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U7CNU6OknBU

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OW0yGZjFXWU

 

 

 

 

Vienna 1961 
 

Episode from the BBC documentary series Summits with David Reynolds
 

US President John F. Kennedy and Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev discussed their differences over Berlin, Cuba and Laos.  
 

 

 

 

 

Berlin Wall

 

August 13, 1961 

 

 

 

 

The Wall (1958-1963)
 
Episode from the documentary series Cold War narrated by Kenneth Branagh  

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HmQs1ZxBPPg 

 

 

 

 
Soviets detonate biggest bomb in history
 
October 30, 1961 
 
 
 
Revealed
 
The World's Biggest Bomb
 
Documentary (2011)
 

 

 

 

 

Cuban Missile Crisis

 

October 1962

 

 

 

The Missiles of October

 

What the World Didn't Know

 

1992 documentary on Peter Jennings Reporting

(1 hr. 26 min.)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dMYumVM1rZM

 

 

 

The Cuban Missile Crisis Declassified 

 

Documentary 

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vKvBoBaaN1A

 

 

 

The Fog of War

 

Eleven Lessons from the Life of Robert S. McNamara

 

2003 documentary

 

Excerpts about the Cuban missile crisis (14:18)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HZVR-DKERhc  

 

 

 

The Missiles of October

1974 dramatization of the Cuban Missile Crisis

Khrushchev agreed to withdraw Soviet missiles from Cuba in exchange for Kennedy's promise not to invade Cuba. But then Khrushchev added another condition. He asked Kennedy to withdraw U. S. missiles from Turkey. Kennedy agreed but insisted that the agreement would have to be kept secret. Khrushchev agreed.   

This dramatization omits the "secret" deal Kennedy made with Khrushchev to withdraw U. S. missiles from Turkey.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6XWz8MJDnH4

 

  

 

Khrushchev Resigns

 
October 15, 1964
 
Universal Newsreels
 
 
or
 
 
 
or
 
 
 
or
 
 
 

 

 

Nikita Khrushchev: Between Black & White

 

Russia Today documentary

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UQAqkhb82js 

 

 

 

 

Khrushchev - The Bear's Embrace

Episode from the documentary series Portraits of Power   -  Those Who Shaped the Twentieth Century   -   by Harrison Salisbury and other New York Times journalists

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VWDWfjUyTLU

 

Cold War: Khrushchev's Regime

Episode # 7 or # 59 from the documentary series Sworn to Secrecy: Secrets of War narrated by Charlton Heston (1997 - 2001)
 
 
or
 
 
or
 
 
or
 

 

 

 

 

  

 
 
 
 
 
-----------------
 
 
 
 
 
Brezhnev
 

Brezhnev, Leonid Ilich [Credit: Wally McNamee/Corbis] 

Leonid Brezhnev (1906 - 1982)

 

 

 

Brezhnev's Kremlin

 

Episode from the documentary series Secrets of the Cold War narrated by Charlton Heston

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SeFSwf7rfB4

 

 

 

Le printemps de Prague-Tchécoslovaquie 1968

 

Quand le monde bascule

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C9VuvY1Sssc

 

 

 

Prague 1968

 

Pictoral

 

British Pathé newsreel

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wPd2Jh1YWWo

 

 

 

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev's first visit to the United States

June 18, 1973

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B9IcLbgnzfY

 

Soviet Union National Anthem

Sung with new lyrics (1977 - 1991)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3ElI4c2UBek&feature=relmfu

 

Who Really Ruled USSR?

 

The Secret of Brezhnev's Passport

 

LadaRayLive 17

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J7fHXjHbDag

 

 

------------

 

 

 
 
 
 
The Rise of the Soviet Navy
 
1969 American documentary narrated by Richard Basehart
 
 
 
 
 
-------------------------
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
Special Envoy to Churchill and Stalin (1941 - 1946)
 
Interview with Averell W. Harriman by Elie Abel in Georgetown, Maryland on March 1, 1977
 
From the Jay Rutherford Collection of the Perkins Library of Duke University in Durham, North Carolina (1:24:02)
 
 
 
 
 
----------------------------------
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
Video briefing by the CIA for U. S. President Ronald Reagan
 
On the death of Soviet leader Yuri Andropov (1984) and the politics of succession for the post of the General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party
 
 
 
 
 
 
--------------------------------
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 

What caused the fall of the USSR in 1991?

 

  The arms race?

    Afghanistan?

      The fall of communism in eastern Europe?

 

        The wave of liberalism sweeping through Asia?

 

 

The Passing of the Old Guard

 

 

 

--------------

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
Gorbachev
 
1985 - 1991
 
 

Mikhail Gorbachev was the

last leader of the Soviet Union

(1985 - 1991).

 

Gorbachev, born in 1931, was

the first Soviet leader too young

to have fought in the Second

World War. 



- General Secretary of the Soviet Union's Communist Party, 1985 - 1991


- President of the USSR, 1990 - 1991


 

 

Red Star Rising

 

The Dawn of the Gorbachev Era

 

ABC-TV News

 

1985

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fPqopWXcmNg

 

 

Biography:

 

Mikhail Gorbachev

 

A Man Who Changed the World

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GLujNV-9cf0&feature=relmfu

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pMfcOsRq1hc&feature=relmfu

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ypV0UBQoLoU&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

Gorbachev

 

The Great Dissident

 

Programme One

 

Part 1

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bz5jrcTnvK8

 

Part 2

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GoEd0t8JSRs

 

Programme Two

 

Part 1

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=64YJcxGQkCQ

 

Part 2

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XYJ27f97HN4

 

 

 

Geneva 1985

 

Episode from the BBC documentary series Summits with David Reynolds

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jA4XxUEb_EE

 

 

 

 

_______________

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
Liberalisation in South Korea in the 1980s 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
---------------
 
 
 
 

 

Philippines

 

"People Power" topples a 14-year-old dictatorship

 

February 1986

 

EDSA 

 

 

File:EDSA Revolution pic1.jpg

"People Power" forces Ferdinand Marcos out of the country

 


 

Ninoy Aquino

 

Address to Freedom Rally at the Wilshire Ebell Theatre, Los Angeles, California, February 15, 1981

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j2o3kXRQ1aA

 

 


Philippine Issues

 

Address by President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos to the National Press Club, Washington, D. C., September 17, 1982

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ROaFLXg3r-8

 

or

 

https://vimeo.com/85330499

 

 

The Assassination of Benigno Aquino, Jr.

The assassination, subsequent investigations and later revelations

6 clips:

1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j8asKEqpPz8

2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HRBe-bLHaQg

3. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g5Z0TM7rSAA

4. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U18KcRZX2sw 

5. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TUhMNSmDvPw

6. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wm2GnvTgDSs

 

1986 Philippines Elections

American TV news

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SVTVD1Njcp0

 

The Philippines EDSA Revolution

David Brinkley reports, ABC-TV

February 22, 1986

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-zHGBrCllD8

 

 

A Dangerous Life

Movie recounting Aquino's assassination in 1983 and Marcos's ouster in 1986

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RNhVry_a7pQ

 

 

People Power

February 1986

PART 3/8

Recalls events of February 1986 and Marcos's ouster

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d1dDgzRpscA

 

Imelda

 

2005 PBS documentary (01:47:27)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HxV4A4fOsrA

 

 

 

 

 

--------------------

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 

 

Taiwan 1987 - 1988

 

40-year-old martial law lifted; opposition political parties allowed; first native-born president of Taiwan and chairman of KMT

 


Image result for Taiwan - Announcements of lifting of martial law, 1987


Announcements of lifting of martial law, 1987

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
---------------
 
 
 
 

Burma (1988)

 

8888

 

 

Burmese protest against military dictatorship

 

 

Burma Pro-Democracy Movement 1988

 

Assembled film footage

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c4YpsisVaSY&feature=related

 

 

Beyond Rangoon

 

1995 movie with Patricia Arquette and Frances McDormand

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z2tWpPIPlmk

 

Advertisement

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ow_yBFgyUvQ 

 

Excerpt

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Db5700JQt4

 

-

 

 

 

--------------------

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 

 

Beijing Spring, 1989 

 

Tienanmen Square

 

Chinese students and workers in Beijing demand reforms; protests spread to other cities; for a while it appears that China will break up into several independent regions.  

 

 

The Gate of Heavenly Peace
 
Tiananmen Square Protests

1995 documentary film about the Beijing Spring of 1989, from the death of the ousted Chinese reformer Hu Yaobang on April 15 to the PLA crackdown on demonstrators on June 4

 

Note: This film is watered down, ommitting crucial scenes from the crackdown, like the mob lynchings of soldiers  

 

In Chinese:

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JoqnKuBD5AI&feature=related

 

or in English, in two parts:

 

Part 1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Gtt2JxmQtg

 

Part 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o0lgc4fWkWI

 

 

Carma Hinton, film's director, talks with Charlie Rose

 

1995

 

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=283227432035389281 

 

 

 

Chai Ling, 1989 Tiananmen student leader, talks with Charlie Rose (1995)

 

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=8043381547273365139

 

 

 

Chai Ling living in Boston

 

2009

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BmDvy3sdcYw

 

 

 

The Tank Man

 

Documentary

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3JvhM3D3hXw

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1KbIyMafR-A

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nh3TYU8ycWM&feature=relmfu

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nZETiWE7Fcw&feature=relmfu

 

5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=euKTR7rbJsM&feature=relmfu

 

6. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dlK2mn7Si18&feature=relmfu

 

7. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5u_Ku5TfqEo&feature=relmfu

 

8. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y1C7bvAGYvk&feature=relmfu

 

About the Tank Man

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xh78iSg_ZvU

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uieND7g2ye0&NR=1&feature=fvwp

 

Tiananmen Square

Documentary

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WOaWYoGDSWY&feature=related

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i0qCsw8mnsQ&feature=related

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cor5Knr0PiM&feature=related

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cj4BXLG9sFY&feature=related

5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SvFNsdUxhJ0&feature=related

 

 

 

------

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 

 

East Bloc Crumbles

 

 

 

 

 

The end of the Soviet domination of eastern Europe, 1989, and the end of the Soviet Union, 1991

 

 

 

The Soviet Union

 

Every Year

 

From 1917

 

Animation ovee a map

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v-wspmFyfYc 

 

 

 

The Soviet Union

 

Every Month

 

From 1922

 

Animation over a map

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fy6iDvxr5zg

 

 

 

 

 

The Revolutions of Eastern European Nations and Collapse of Communism

 

 

Soviet-controlled satellite countries break away

 

 

Poland  -  4 June 1989  -  18 September 1993

   Hungary  -  24 March 1990  -  19 June 1991

      East Germany -  18 March 1990  -  1 September 1994; reunited with West Germany on 3 October 1990

         Czechoslavakia  -  June 1990  -  27 June 1991; split into Czech Republic and Slovakia  1 June 1993 

            Bulgaria  -  June 1990

               Romania  -  May 1990 

                  Mongolia  -  29 July 1990  -  December 1992

 

 

 

Non-Soviet satellites

 

Yugoslavakia  -  Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia break away - 1990 - 2001

 

   Albania  -  March 1991 - March 1992

 

 

Losing Soviet control over Eastern Europe

Removed from You Tube

Documentary

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=akGjJcl3GDw&feature=related

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ASEC3m1wULE&feature=relmfu

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AFrA9Ga0Mwo&feature=relmfu

 

The above is actually a collection of excerpts from the following documentary:

 

The Wall Comes Down, 1989

Episode 23 of Season 1 of the CNN documentary series Cold War

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hrMgpWWdqkQ

 

Declassified: Rise and Fall of the Wall

Documentary

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yjz_MdJeFq8

 

Le Mur

Alain Decaux Raconte

1982

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p10KJ6cGbrs



The Wall: A World Divided

Documentary

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eSspMjMVyUc  

 

The Berlin Wall

Episode from the documentary series Modern Marvels (1999)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=myW1Padwxqk

 

The Revolutions of 1989

Documentary

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hc2XGHA7NK4&feature=related

 

 

 

 

Poland  

 

On April 4, 1989 parliamentary elections are scheduled; on September 13, 1989 the first freely elected non-Communist government in the East Bloc takes office

 

 

The Real End of the Cold War

Documentary by the Polish Film Institute

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JJZfmZ9k7OQ

 

Witold Pilecki

A Volunteer for Auschwitz

Episode from the 2014 documentary series Heroes of the War   -   Poland (45:56)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hy3a588yAwg

 

Captain Witold Pilecki and the Resistance in Auschwitz

Polish Embassy in the U. S. honors Witold Pilecki (2013) (1:18:52)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YVj0T5QBirs

 

Śmierć rotmistrza Pileckiego

(The Death of Captain Pilecki)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-2elOo6jii4

 

Witold Pilecki
 
Ucieczka.z.Oświęcimia (1998)
 
 
 
 
 
Hungary
 

The Hungarian Revolt (1956)

 

The Hungarian Uprising of 1956

Episode from the BBC documentary series History File (20:08)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ihS_D0Btaz8

 

Hungarian Revolt 1956


Excerpt from After Stalin, episode # 7 of the 1998 documentary series Cold War

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LVdQ9PK9Q5o

 
Hungarian Tragedy

British Pathé newsreel

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bE1FX0Uf01I

 

The Hungarian Revolution (1956)

Newsreels (14:15) 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kc2yHN2y3AM

 

The Battle of Budapest

British Pathé newsreel

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bE1FX0Uf01I

 

Soviets Crush Hungarian Revolt

November 4, 1956

BBC review through British Pathé newsreels

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m89XLY2wbdA

 

Cry Hungary   -   A Revolution Remembered

1986 BBC documentary (1:13:34)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8FckhPmtE1A

 

Cry Hungary  

Episode from 1996 BBC Timewatch documentary series (48:21)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WaR8pxjnskY

 

 

East Germany

German reunification (1990)

 

Czechoslovakia

Czechoslovakia splits into the Czech Republic and Slovakia (1992)

1945 - 1968 - 19


 

Bulgaria

 

 


Romania


 

 

Mongolia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-------------------

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Collapse of Soviet Union 

 

                  1991


Related image


 

 Soviet Union in early 1991


 

 

The same map in late 1991

 

 

 

The End of the Soviet Union

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ielyVJUgXK8&feature=related

 

The Collapse of the Soviet Union

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j-2kx549Mf0&feature=related 

 

 

Collapse of the Soviet Union 1991

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tCFREwQ846o&feature=related

 

1991 Soviet August Coup

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1trzB6bbhdI

 

 

 

The Soviet Coup: Day One

 

August 19, 1991

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LsF4c06txHM&feature=related 

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gXV85QWPs1k&feature=relmfu 

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h9g6_cnpCqc&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

End of the USSR

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0g6arFbKZ60&feature=related 

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-FS9WYyKN3Y&feature=relmfu 

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hkskpshY16A&feature=relmfu 

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZghRk-_CDv8&feature=relmfu 

 

 

 

The last days of the Soviet Empire

 

August 1991 

 

Part 3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qqoAhfEIfXo 

 

Part 4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=714O8V_tCyc 

 

 

Stabbing the Empire:

 

Last Day of Soviet Union

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cvoa25IiUEo&feature=fvwrel

 

 


How the Soviet Union Collapsed

 

Inside the August Coup D'Etat

 

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fpJjDHu4hJM&feature=related

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8cP7rKo69Sc&feature=relmfu

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JoF7_4JHgNc&feature=relmfu

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jiyc_HtUsfY&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

Mikhail Gorbachev

 

HARDtalk on the BBC

 

Berlin 10/11/14

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JHL9lNxKQbg

 

 

 

 

                           -----------------

 

 

 

 

Yeltsin

 

Boris Yeltsin (1931 - 2007), first

democratically-elected president 

of Russia, 1991 - 1999

 

 

 

Boris Yeltsin



Biography (late 1999)

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Mh0WLB7BZY 

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4G6t9dSUk0c&feature=relmfu 

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TXQE2l-dkjw&feature=relmfu 

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vkgzfRH1-Iw&feature=relmfu 

 

5.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E8aGXkbJvRE&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

The End of Communism

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5_UiR63MS2k&feature=related 

 

Russian Federation National Anthem

An anthem without lyrics, 1991 - 2000

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IE7wG33rlWA

 

 


Russian Federation National Anthem


Anthem with lyrics added in 1999

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q0doj7BamFc

 

 

 

 

Declaration of independence from the U. S. S. R. by its 14 republics



Related image

 

 

Lithuania – March 11, 1990

 

  Georgia – April 9, 1991

 

    Latvia -  May 4, 1990 (de jure); August 21, 1991 (de facto)

 

       Estonia – August 20, 1991

 

         Ukraine – August 24, 1991

 

           Belarus – August 25, 1991

 

             Moldova – August 27, 1991

 

               Azerbaijan – August 30, 1991

 

                 Kyrgyzstan – August 31, 1991

 

                   Uzbekistan – September 1, 1991

 

            Tajikistan – September 9, 1991

 

                         Armenia – September 21, 1991

 

                           Turkmenistan – October 16, 1991

 

                              Kazakhstan – December 16, 1991

 


Russian Federation succeeds USSR – December 31, 1991




 

 

 
 
 
 
 
----------------
 
 
 

End of Communist rule in Albania and Yugoslavia (1990 - 1992)

 

Yugoslavia splits into Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia,

Bosnia, Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro and Kosovo

 

 

The Death of Yugoslavia

 

6-part BBC documentary series

 

1. Enter Nationalism 

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GNK0fBa789Y

 

2. The Road to War

 

http://www.youtub